Disclaimer – This is pretty much my first time playing around with Python – there’s a good chance that what I’m doing here is wrong. All I can attest to is that it works.
I recently had cause to create a small python script. Instead of installing the Python libraries, it occurred to me that an easier way to do this might be to use docker to run the script: it worked, and so I thought I’d turn the whole thing into an introduction to Docker.
There are three main concepts in docker; and they closely mirror the concepts of any programming language: you have a script (or source code), an image (or compiled file), and a container (or running process).
In the case of docker, the script in question is called dockerfile.
Download Docker and Setup
The first step is to download docker and install the docker desktop:
If you haven’t, you may need to install WSL, too.
Create the Python Program, and a Dockerfile
The easiest way to do this is to find an empty directory on your machine. Use your favourite text editor to create a file called helloworld.py, with the following code:
print('Hello world python')
Now, in the same directory, create a file called Dockerfile, and add the following code to it:
FROM python ADD helloworld.py . CMD [ "python", "./helloworld.py" ]
We can now build that using the command:
docker build . --tag pcm-test
This command builds the image that we mentioned earlier. You can see this by issuing a command to see all the images:
We can now run this:
docker run pcm-test
This will run the script inside the container, and you should see the output.
Playing with the script
Let’s enhance our Python program (in exactly the same way as you enhance any “hello world” app):
import sys print('Hello ' + sys.argv)
sys.argv is a zero based array of arguments – argument 0 is the name of the program running (hence 1 is the first real argument). If you try this with an argument that hasn’t been passed, you’ll get an array out of bounds exception.
We can change our Dockerfile to pass in the parameter:
FROM python ADD helloworld.py . CMD [ "python", "./helloworld.py", "wibble" ]
CMD essentially chains the array of commands together; the above is the equivalent of typing:
python ./helloworld.py wibble
Okay – well, obviously that’s pretty much the zenith of an hello world program… except, what if we want to ask the user for their name? Let’s try asking in our script:
import sys print('Hello ' + sys.argv) name = input("Yes, but what's your REAL name?") print('Hello ' + name)
Unfortunately, if we build and run that, it’ll run, but will skip the input. To fix this, we’ll need to run the container in interactive mode:
docker run -it pcm-test
Well, that was a pleasant Saturday afternoon spent playing with Python and Docker. I’m not completely new to Docker, but I’d like to improve my knowledge, so my intention if to create several more of these, and explore some new features as I build these posts.